Paul ( 1 Timothy ) seems to refer by the same expression to both Deuteronomy 25:4 and Luke 10:7 . The fifth ecumenical council condemned Theodore of Mopsuestia for his opposition against the Divine authority of the books of Solomon, the Book of Job, and the Canticle of Canticles.It is disputed whether the word graphe in the singular is ever used of the Old Testament as a whole. Since the fourth century the teaching of the Church concerning the nature of the Bible is practically summed up in the dogmatic formula that God is the author of Sacred Scripture .

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Sacred Scripture is one of the several names denoting the inspired writings which make up the Old and New Testament .

The corresponding Latin word scriptura occurs in some passages of the Vulgate in the general sense of "writing"; e.g., Ex., xxxii, 16: "the writing also of God was graven in the tables"; again, II Par., xxxvi, 22: "who [Cyrus] commanded it to be proclaimed through all his kingdom, and by writing also". According to the Jews Whether the terms graphe, graphai , and their synonymous expressions to biblion ( Nehemiah 8:8 ), ta biblia (Dan., ix, 2), kephalis bibliou ( Psalm 39:8 ), he iera biblos ( 2 Maccabees ), ta biblia ta hagia ( 1 Maccabees 12:9 ), ta iera grammata ( 2 Timothy ) refer to particular writings or to a collection of books, they at least show the existence of a number of written documents the authority of which was generally accepted as supreme.

In other passages of the Vulgate the word denotes a private (Tob., viii, 24) or public ( Ezra ; Nehemiah ) written document, a catalogue or index (Ps. The nature of this authority may be inferred from a number of other passages.

It has been claimed that so-called internal criteria are sufficient to lead us to the knowledge of this fact. Other students of this subject have endeavored to establish Apostolic authorship as a criterium of inspiration. Besides, the Apostles were endowed with the gift of infallibility in their teaching, and in their writing as far as it formed part of their teaching; but infallibility in writing does not imply inspiration.

But this answer does not give us a criterium for the inspiration of the Old Testament books, nor does it touch the inspiration of the Gospels of St. Certain writings of the Roman pontiff may be infallible, but they are not inspired; God is not their author.Hence the question, how could such a collection be made, and how was it made in point of fact? Question of Right The main difficulty as to the first question ( quoestio juris ) arises from the fact that a book must be Divinely inspired in order to lay claim to the dignity of being regarded as Scripture.Various methods have been suggested for ascertaining the fact of inspiration.Lightfoot ( Galatians ) expresses the opinion that the singular graphe in the New Testament always means a particular passage of Scripture. John may admit a doubt, though he does not think so, personally; but St. According to the first chapter of the Council of Carthage (A. 398), bishops before being consecrated must express their belief in this formula, and this profession of faith is exacted of them even today.But in Rom., iv, 3, he modifies his view, appealing to Dr. In the thirteenth century, Innocent III imposed this formula on the Waldensians ; Clement IV exacted its acceptance from Michael Palaeologus, and the emperor actually accepted it in his letter to the Second Council of Lyons (1272). Script.), and in the nineteenth century by the Vatican Council.Horny girls in sexy socks, providing the finest nudity and hot solo scenes.