Like denial and repression, you can begin to do this automatically and as a result never know what your true feelings are.

The more energy you put into avoiding the realization that you have weaknesses, the more difficult it eventually is to face them.

This is the main defense mechanism of paranoid and anti-social personalities.

It becomes all the more powerful because we repress it, and it can effect our decisions, reactions, etc… that could remind you of painful thoughts and feelings.

Withdrawal takes several forms, such as silence, running away, and drinking and drug use.

Rationalization is often called the “sour grapes defense.” This comes from one of Aesop’s fables.

The fox wanted some grapes, but could not reach them.However, if you don’t solve problems, but only daydream about them being solved for you, if you avoid potentially problematic responsibilities and only fantasize about having rewarding challenges and experiences, fantasy becomes too much.Related to rationalization, intellectualization involves removing the emotion from emotional experiences, and discussing painful events in detached, uncaring, sterile ways.Sometimes we project things we don’t want to acknowledge about ourselves, and so we turn it around and put it on others (i.e., “It’s not that I made a stupid mistake, it’s that you are critical of everything I do! Sometimes it is simply our experiences (i.e., “My father was a reasonable man when we disagreed, so if I use reason with my boss we can work out our disagreement”).The problem with projecting negative aspects of ourselves is that we still suffer under them.It is an intellectual way to diminish pain or guilt. Fantasizing involves creating an inner world when the real world becomes too painful, difficult, or stressful.