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In the Bulgarian Orthodox Church there are two traditions of church singing - Eastern monodic (one-voice) singing and choral (polyphonic).
The Eastern monodic singing observes the tradition of Greek and Byzantine music as well as the requirements of the eight-voices polyphonic canon of the Eastern Orthodox Church.
1280-1360), became famous for his work Polieleion of the Bulgarian Woman. Kukuzel also reformed the Byzantine musical writing system, and became known as The Angel-voiced for his singing abilities.
Much of traditional folk music revolved around holidays like Christmas, New Year's Day, midsummer, and the Feast of St.
Lazarus, as well as the Strandzha region's unusual Nestinarstvo rites on May 21.
In Bulgaria the gaida has been a long symbol of the country and its heritage, and is one of the more well-known instruments of the country. There is in the Rhodope mountains the deep-sounding kaba gaida.
In the north, common of Dubrudzha and the Vlachs there is the dzhura gaida.
Bulgaria's contribution to humanity continued throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with individuals such as John Atanasoff — a United States citizen of Bulgarian and British descent, regarded as the father of the digital computer.
A number of noted opera-singers (Nicolai Ghiaurov, Boris Christoff, Raina Kabaivanska, Ghena Dimitrova, Anna Tomowa-Sintow, Vesselina Kasarova), pianist Alexis Weissenberg, and successful artists (Christo, Pascin, Vladimir Dimitrov) popularized the culture of Bulgaria abroad. One of the earliest known composers of Medieval Europe, Yoan Kukuzel (ca.Also in the Stranzha region near the border with Turkey there is the Stranzha gaida.The bag itself is made of a goat skin turned inside out, and most often the rims of the different parts of the instrument - chanter and drone pipe - have a piece of horn on it.Today Orthodox music is alive and is performed both during church worship services and at concerts by secular choirs and soloists.Contemporary Bulgarian worldwide recognized choirs and singers in whose repertoire permanently takes place the orthodox music are: Yoan Kukuzel Choir, Sofia Boys' Choir, Madrigal Sofia Choir, Sofia Orthodox Choir, Sofia Priest Choir, etc., worldwide famous opera singers Boris Christov and Nicola Ghiuselev.Because of this Bulgarian nation has one of the richest folk heritage in the world.