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The trade was brought to an end when the English parliamentarian 'William Wilberforce' got the British parliament to abolish it in 1807.Laborers contracted for a specific period would find themselves unable to escape enforced servitude.This was used to an overwhelming extent in King Leopold's Congo Free State and on Portuguese plantations of Cape Verde and San Tome.Africa has it's own unique version of debt bondage: pawnship.Afrocentric academics claim that this was a much milder form of debt bondage compared to that experienced elsewhere, since it would occur on a family or community basis where social ties existed between debtor and creditor. Forced labor, as the name implies, was based on the threat of violence against the laborer (or their family).Whether slavery existed within sub-Saharan African societies before the arrival of Europeans is a hotly contested point between Afrocentric and Eurocentric academics.