There are few medications that are considered effective in treating alcoholism. Ondansetron (Zofran) has been found to be effective in treating alcoholism in people whose problem drinking began before they were 25 years old. International Journal of Medicine 99.1 (2003): 57-61. "Parental monitoring." Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse 15.1 Dec.

Naltrexone (Trexan, Re Via, Vivitrol) has also been found effective in managing alcohol addiction.

Naltrexone is the most frequently used medication in treating alcoholism.

Parents can also help educate teens about appropriate coping and stress-management strategies.

For example, 15- to 16-year-olds who use religion to cope with stress tend to use drugs significantly less often and have less problems as a result of drinking than their peers who do not use religion to cope.

Alcohol is the most frequently used drug by teenagers in the United States. "Predictors of Early Alcohol Drinking Onset." Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse 16.2 (2006). "The effects of online marketing on drinking behaviors in young people." Sept.

Significant statistics regarding alcohol use in teens include that about half of junior high and senior high school students drink alcohol on a monthly basis, and 14% of teens have been intoxicated at least once in the past year. "Onset of alcohol or substance use disorders following treatment for adolescent depression." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 80.2 (2012): 299. "Evidence-Based Treatments for Alcohol Use Disorders in Adolescents." Pediatrics 121 Apr.

Doctors frequently use fluids that contain sugars for that purpose.

Alcohol poisoning is the potentially fatal result of drinking excessive amounts of alcohol in a short period of time.

The second stage of alcohol and other drug use ranges from experimentation or occasional use to regular weekly use of alcohol, tobacco, inhalants, or other drugs. "The genetics of alcoholism." Alcohol Alert 60 July 2003. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.

The third stage is characterized by youths further increasing the frequency of alcohol use and/or using alcohol and other drugs on a regular basis. "New advances in alcoholism treatment." Alcohol Alert 49 Oct.

The first stage is described as access to alcohol rather than use of alcohol, tobacco, inhalants, or other drugs.