It is made of pressed cardboard (Prägedruck : embossed printing or relief printing), with doors to be opened, from 1 thru 24, published in 1935. A2 Stand-up advent calendar, depicting Maria and the Christchild with anges and animals in a wood. A5 Advent calendar, angels decorating a Christmas tree; highlighted with glitter. Text in margin: “Made in Switzerland” and “FRI (logo) SU 101” Signed what I can make out to be “H. A6 Stand-up 4-panel "Adventshauschen" advent calendar or advent house, with 28 windows, a door and 4 Christmas scenes in round transparant paper panels, design Carl Schmauk (1868-1947); on the front panel is printed “S. On the holy night, after all the windows are open, the door, with behind it the Baby Jezus in crib, is opened.

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The calendar would have numbered from 1 thru 23, but here only this last sheet remains. ”A40 Advent calendar showing dwarfs, children and angels bearing gifts. 521 in 1963 stand-up version with trees added on each side - ref. A47 Advent calendar showing a house with a star, angels and children. A48 Advent calendar with Walt Disney’s Dumbo as main theme in the circus, together with other of his characters, glitter highlights. Below, in the left hand corner is printed “© WALT DISNEY PRODUCTIONS No 32 A. 7102 St-Johannis-Druckerei Lahr-Dinglingen”, the publisher. It was the magazine for members of the Erns Thälman Pioneer Organisation.

It seems that on December 23 the cover was cut open on the side, as shown on the tear-off sheet, to reveal the pop-up scenery with Santa and dwarves. No mention of designer or printer, but would be a AFKH calendar. Advent calendar, designed by Fritz Baumgarten (1883-1966), called “Der Postschlitten” (the Postal carriage) with dwarfs shipping presents and angels in a wood scene. There is Baumgarten’s signature below right, in the margin the ref. “375” and “Made in Germany” in the left bottom corner. 375: 1950 or 1951 published up to 1970 *Ref 522, with side trees added and yellow border, published in 1963 *Ref. 11689 published in 2007A42 Advent calendar with a chapel and dwarfs and animals in a wood, and a banner “Ehre sei Gott in der Höhe”. 10374 in 1986A46 Advent calendar depicting children and angel scenes. Doors numbered from 6 thru 24, meaning that the opening started on St. No printer’s indication, but signed below left the monogram “AR”, and below right the signature “A. According to the November 2004-January 2005 exhibition in Museum Voswinckelshof, Dinslaken in Germany, this calendar dates from around 1950. The word FRÖSI comes from the first line of the at that time popular pioneer song "Fröhlich sein und singen" ("Being happy and sing").

The first printed Advent calendar dates from 1902, some mention 1904, but it was after WW2 that mass production started. Is from the “Verlag der St.-Johannis Druckerei, Dinglingen (Baden)”. It is highlighted with glitter and doors numbered from 1 thru 24. 7019” and “Buchhandlung der Evangelischen Gesellschaft, Stuttgart”.

The calendars are numbered and shown as they arrived in my collection and that is why they are not classified by illustrator or publisher, with the exception of the Barnens and Helmut Rudolph Adventscalendars. A7 Advent calendar, showing the front of a house with the windows and door numbered from 6 thru 24. Being more decorated with angels and greenery, it is a variation of the well known advent calendar no. It is signed bottom right corner something like “Lore H”(Lore Hummel) and on the bottom of the middle panel is printed “Haco 55” and “Printed in Western Germany”. Shown in the book “Weihnachtszeit” from the Bayerisches Nationalmuseum in München, page 28, photo no. The numbering is behind the 28 windows, above the bible text.

It seems that the first advent wreath has been invented by the Lutheran theologist, Johann Hinrich Wichern (1808-1881).

In 1839 he used a wooden wheel with four large and nineteen small candles.

The ritual of the advent calendar was not practiced in our family when I was young in the 1940s.

My first was given to me by a family member, who inherited this family Advent calendar from his mother, who was born in Germany.

Under the sheets is printed that the text and design is by Vera Rössler and the pictures by Herta Kliche. On the back is mentioned “19 Printed in Germany/importé d’Allemagne”. The first edition was published as Leipziger Adventskalender nr. Publication history: a) Re “Der Korsch Verlag Adventskalender 1951-1985”, nr. At each scene the title or first bar of a Christmas song is shown. This title in full length was used until 1965, then the short form replaced it. At first it was published every 6 weeks, from 1956 monthly.

Doors numbered from 6 thru 24, meaning that the opening of the doors started on St. Below, in the right hand corner, is the designer’s signature “RAA”, referring to the children books illustrator Charlotte Baron-Raabe (see also no. Many children and teenagers read the magazine in the GDR, it was always sold out quickly.

During Advent, for each Sunday a large candle was lit, and for every other day a small one.