With very-low-light capability, a few specific models of webcams are very popular to photograph the night sky by astronomers and astro photographers.

Mostly, these are manual-focus cameras and contain an old CCD array instead of comparatively newer CMOS array.

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The term "webcam" (a clipped compound) may also be used in its original sense of a video camera connected to the Web continuously for an indefinite time, rather than for a particular session, generally supplying a view for anyone who visits its web page over the Internet.

Some of them, for example, those used as online traffic cameras, are expensive, rugged professional video cameras.

A webcam is a video camera that feeds or streams its image in real time to or through a computer to a computer network.

When "captured" by the computer, the video stream may be saved, viewed or sent on to other networks via systems such as the internet, and emailed as an attachment.

Unauthorized access of webcams can present significant privacy issues (see "Privacy" section below).

In December 2011, Russia announced that 290,000 Webcams would be installed in 90,000 polling stations to monitor the Russian presidential election, 2012.

Video features, including faces, shapes, models and colors can be observed and tracked to produce a corresponding form of control.

For example, the position of a single light source can be tracked and used to emulate a mouse pointer, a head-mounted light would enable hands-free computing and would greatly improve computer accessibility.

This can be applied to games, providing additional control, improved interactivity and immersiveness.